Italian army ww2 uniforms

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Italian army ww2 uniforms

The army's history dates back to the unification of Italy in the s and s. During the Cold Warthe army prepared itself to defend against a Warsaw Pact invasion from the east. Since the end of the Cold War, the army has seen extensive peacekeeping service and combat in Afghanistan and Iraq.

Its best-known combat vehicles are the Dardo infantry fighting vehiclethe Centauro tank destroyer and the Ariete tank and among its aircraft the Mangusta attack helicopterrecently deployed in UN missions. The army is an all-volunteer force of active-duty personnel.

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Inunder the leadership of Giuseppe GaribaldiVictor Emmanuel II of the House of Savoy was invited to take the throne and of the newly created kingdom. Italian expeditions were dispatched to China during the Boxer Rebellion of and to Libya during the Italo-Turkish War of — Most of the actions were fought in northern Italy and the Royal Army suffered many casualties. This included overdead.

In particular, the frequency of the offensives in which Italian soldiers participated between May and Augustone every three months, was higher than demanded by the armies on the Western Front.

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Italian discipline was also harsher, with punishments for infractions of duty of a severity not known in the German, French, and British armies. On paper, the Royal Army was one of the largest ground forces in World War IIthough in reality it could not field the numbers claimed, and it was one of the pioneers in the use of paratroopers. Reports of Italian military prowess in the Second World War were, almost always, dismissive.

This perception was the result of disastrous Italian offensives against Egypt and the performance of the army in the Greco-Italian War. Both campaigns were ill-prepared and executed inadequately. The Italian 10th Army initially advanced into Egypt but surrendered after being pushed back into central Libya and almost all destroyed by a force one fifth its size in the British three-month campaign of Operation Compass.

Incompetent military leadership was aggravated by the Italian military's equipment, which predominantly dated back to the First World War and was not up to the standard of either the Allied or the German armies. More crucially, Italy lacked suitable quantities of equipment of all kinds and the Italian high command did not take necessary steps to plan for possible setbacks on the battlefield, or for proper logistical support to its field armies. The Italian Expeditionary Corps in Russia fought under General Giovanni Messewho acknowledged the limitations of his Corps in material and equipment and thus was relieved of his command on November 1, Only about a third of its troops managed to escape the Soviet cauldron, most notably from the three Alpini Divisions TridentinaJulia and Cuneensewhich fought stubbornly and to almost their total annihilation to escape the Soviet encirclement see: Battle of Nikolayevka.

Although the battle was lost, the determined resistance of the Italian soldiers at the Battle of Keren in East Africa is still commemorated today by the Italian military. After the Axis defeat in Tunisia the morale of the Italian troops dropped and when the Allies landed in Sicily on July 10, most Italian Coastal divisions simply dissolved. In SeptemberItaly made an armistice with the Allies and split into the Italian Social Republic — effectively a puppet state of Germany — in the north and that of the Badoglio government in the south.

Initially the army fielded five infantry divisions, created from the five combat groups of the Italian Co-belligerent Armyand equipped with British materiel.The Italian Army ranks are the ranks used by the Italian Army and are worn on epaulettes of shirts. The Army of Italy contains levels of ranks showing both their officers' status and seniority as dedicated members of the Italian militia. Although altered throughout history, the current ranks stand as the lowest rank being "soldato semplice" and the highest rank being "generale".

There are a total of 32 ranks within 7 categories. These categories include: temporary service volunteers, permanent service volunteers, sergeants, marshals NCOsjunior officers, senior officers, and generals. In order to clearly show an officer's rank as a form of identification and authority, insignia patches are worn by all members of the Italian army. Insignia patches are a sort of label worn on the epaulets of officers that sport different markings, such as stripes and stars, to show how highly ranked an individual is.

These patches display a soldier's rank and position to their fellow officers as well as their identity on the battlefield. In each ranking category of officer, there is a trend in the symbols shown on their insignia patches.

Each rank an individual rises he gains more detailed and recognizable symbols, these new symbols are most often an additional star or stripe added per higher rank achieved.

Italian Army officers used to wear the ranks on the sleeve, like naval officers. Sinceinsignia were changed in order to align with NATO regulations. In the system had the following slight change: the wreath was added to the stars for general officers, instead of the silver epaulette; the civic crown was added to the stars for field officers, instead of a gold band on the edge of the epaulette; the stars began to be placed near the edge of the epaulette instead of in the center.

These changes were mostly intended to make insignia more easily recognizable on the field uniform. The chart below represents the Italian Army rank insignia used on the slip-on of winter service uniforms. The color of the uniforms is khaki. Officers who are assigned to a position acting in a higher rank than their own wear the insignia of the higher rank but the highest star of the insignia is trimmed in red enamel.

Similarly, an officer temporarily assigned to a position attaining a higher rank in the absence of the incumbent officer, wear the star in bronze colour.

As can be seen, the Italian rank system has a large number of junior NCO ranks. Several ranks which are variations on corporal have a "chosen" version of the rank, "chosen" having the same sense of "leading", as in the historic British Army appointment of " chosen man " now called lance-corporal. This chart represents the Italian Army enlisted rank insignia with seniority decreasing left-to-right inside a given pay grade.

All ranks of sergente or higher are considered as Non Commissioned Officers. Airborne units personnel wear the chevrons on a blue base. Enlisted insignia saw no significant changes until when the chevrons were moved from the sleeve to the epaulette.

The rank of caporale is not a command grade and only results in a higher paygrade, and may be attained by conscript personnel. The ranks up to caporal maggiore may be attained by temporary service personnel.

Italian Army

Higher ranks may only be attained by permanent service personnel. Sergeants generally have team command tasks, and are appointed in the rank only after several months training course. The rank of soldato is used only for recruits and is substituted by the following, depending on the branch or service:.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.Before and during World War II, Italy designed most of their anti-aircraft guns and some its infantry guns to also serve in the anti-tank role. No dedicated anti-tank gun was produced. Listed below is just the guns used in anti-tank role most commonly.

All calibers of AA guns were also mounted in portee trucks in dual roles ground attack and AA. The Italian designation system for tanks consisted of a letter L, M or P; designating light, medium and heavy tanks respectively followed by two numbers: one giving the approximate weight in tons, the other giving the year it was accepted for service.

The Italian definitions of light, medium and heavy tank differ from other nations at the time. For instance the Italian "medium" tanks are often described as "light" in other sources. Also, permanent installation of guns on trucks and armored cars were done on ad-hoc basis, therefore many self-propelled guns had no official name besides descriptive type of truck plus type of cannon.

Below is the grossly incomplete list of these self-propelled weapons. The Italy was late on the radar development; At the date of the armistice in84 of 85 radars in operation were German-built.

Italian Army and Navy have deployed a network of radar detectors and jammers though.

italian army ww2 uniforms

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia list article. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Jowett, Phillip S. The Italian Army —45 1 : Europe — OxfordUnited Kingdom: Osprey. Jowett, Philip The Italian Army —45 2 : Africa —View Cart Checkout.

WW1 Imperial German Soldier uniform with webbing. This item is made from wool, this pacakge includes Breeches Boots, braces, hat, shirt and puttees available seperately find out more. This item is made from wool. Tunic - with Australian insignia and buttons hat, belt and rifle not included Boots and puttees available seperately find out more.

WW1 Australian Army Soldiers uniform. This item is made from wool, this pacakge includes Tunic - with Australian insignia and buttons Breeches Slouch hat with Australian Commonwealth froces badge find out more.

A typical Aussie "uniform" at the ill fated Gallipoli campaign, never afraid to bend the rules a little,this Aussie Digger has discarded his tunic in favour of shirt sleeves, the majority of his webbing is absent, with only p08 bandolier being apparent, his slouch hat has been pulled down flat for protection from the sun and his serge breeches have been cut into a pair of shorts.

Gradulaly even this basic uniform would be stripped down, earning the Aussies the nickname "The Naked Australians" Shirt Cut down trouserrs Slouch hat bandolier Boots available seperately find out more. A typical Kiwi "uniform" at the ill fated Gallipoli campaign, never afraid to bend the rules a little,this Kiwi has discarded his tunic in favour of shirt sleeves, the majority of his webbing is absent, with only p08 bandolier being apparent, his distinctive lemon squeezer hat offering protection from the sun and his serge breeches have been cut into a pair of shorts.

Shirt Cut down trouserrs Lemon Squeezer hat bandolier boots available seperately find out more. A Kiwi WW1 uniform at the outbreak of war, he wears New Zealand pattern uniform, a greener shade than the British uniform. His hat pugaree, epauletes and trousers are trimmed in red to signify infantry Tunic Trousers Lemon Squeezer hat bandolier Boots and puttees available seperately find out more.

A typical British "uniform" at the ill fated Gallipoli campaign, due to the heat at Gallipoli, the troops took to adaptins their uniforms, this British Lancashire Fusilier r has discarded his tunic in favour of shirt sleeves, the webbing is absent, his p05 hat has been adapted by adding a neck guard made from khaki material for protection from the sun and his serge trousers have been cut into a pair of shorts.

Shirt Cut down trouserrs p05 cap with neck guard find out more. A typical British "uniform" at the ill fated Gallipoli campaign, due to the heat at Gallipoli, the troops took to adapting their uniforms, this British Lancashire Fusilier has discarded his tunic in favour of shirt sleeves, the majority of his webbing is absent, with only ammo pouches, belt and cross straps being worn, his p05 hat has been adapted by adding a neck guard made from khaki material for protection from the sun and his serge trousers have been cut into a pair of shorts.

Shirt Cut down trousers p05 cap with neck guard p08 webbing Boots available seperately find out more. The Iron Cross First Class was a pin-on medal with no ribbon and was worn centered on a uniform breast pocket. The Iron Cross was awarded for bravery in battle as well as other military contributions in a battlefield environment. The colour may vary from monitor to monitor find out more. Luftwaffe Cockade cap badge find out more. Made from Grigio Verde material this is the Italian army WW2 tie Note this item is made to order and will take approx 2 to 3 weeks.

Made from Grigio Verde material this is the Italian army WW2 early war m37 tunic Note this item is made to order and will take approx 2 to 3 weeks. Made from Grigio Verde material this is the Italian army WW2 m41 Paratrooper tunic Note this item is made to order and will take approx 2 to 3 weeks. Made from Grigio Verde material this is the Italian army WW2 early war m37 uniform Note this item is made to order and will take approx 2 to 3 weeks.

Made from Grigio Verde material this is the Italian army WW2 m41 Paratrooper uniform y Note this item is made to order and will take approx 2 to 3 weeks. Cap size 58 59 Trouser size 30 waist 32 waist 34 waist 36 waist 38 waist 40 waist tailor made. Made from Tan material this is the Italian army WW2 m40 Sahariani trousers worn in North Africa and Sicily Note this item is made to order and will take approx 2 to 3 weeks.

Made from Tan material this is the Italian army WW2 m40 Sahariani tunic worn in North Africa and Sicily Note this item is made to order and will take approx 2 to 3 weeks. Made from Grigio Verde material field grey the is the Italian army WW2 m40 tunic, trousers and bustina boots belt and shirt not included Note this item is made to order and will take approx 2 to 3 weeks.View Cart Checkout.

WW1 Imperial German Soldier uniform with webbing. This item is made from wool, this pacakge includes Breeches Boots, braces, hat, shirt and puttees available seperately find out more. This item is made from wool. Tunic - with Australian insignia and buttons hat, belt and rifle not included Boots and puttees available seperately find out more.

WW1 Australian Army Soldiers uniform. This item is made from wool, this pacakge includes Tunic - with Australian insignia and buttons Breeches Slouch hat with Australian Commonwealth froces badge find out more. A typical Aussie "uniform" at the ill fated Gallipoli campaign, never afraid to bend the rules a little,this Aussie Digger has discarded his tunic in favour of shirt sleeves, the majority of his webbing is absent, with only p08 bandolier being apparent, his slouch hat has been pulled down flat for protection from the sun and his serge breeches have been cut into a pair of shorts.

Gradulaly even this basic uniform would be stripped down, earning the Aussies the nickname "The Naked Australians" Shirt Cut down trouserrs Slouch hat bandolier Boots available seperately find out more. A typical Kiwi "uniform" at the ill fated Gallipoli campaign, never afraid to bend the rules a little,this Kiwi has discarded his tunic in favour of shirt sleeves, the majority of his webbing is absent, with only p08 bandolier being apparent, his distinctive lemon squeezer hat offering protection from the sun and his serge breeches have been cut into a pair of shorts.

Shirt Cut down trouserrs Lemon Squeezer hat bandolier boots available seperately find out more. A Kiwi WW1 uniform at the outbreak of war, he wears New Zealand pattern uniform, a greener shade than the British uniform.

His hat pugaree, epauletes and trousers are trimmed in red to signify infantry Tunic Trousers Lemon Squeezer hat bandolier Boots and puttees available seperately find out more. A typical British "uniform" at the ill fated Gallipoli campaign, due to the heat at Gallipoli, the troops took to adaptins their uniforms, this British Lancashire Fusilier r has discarded his tunic in favour of shirt sleeves, the webbing is absent, his p05 hat has been adapted by adding a neck guard made from khaki material for protection from the sun and his serge trousers have been cut into a pair of shorts.

Shirt Cut down trouserrs p05 cap with neck guard find out more. A typical British "uniform" at the ill fated Gallipoli campaign, due to the heat at Gallipoli, the troops took to adapting their uniforms, this British Lancashire Fusilier has discarded his tunic in favour of shirt sleeves, the majority of his webbing is absent, with only ammo pouches, belt and cross straps being worn, his p05 hat has been adapted by adding a neck guard made from khaki material for protection from the sun and his serge trousers have been cut into a pair of shorts.

Shirt Cut down trousers p05 cap with neck guard p08 webbing Boots available seperately find out more. The Iron Cross First Class was a pin-on medal with no ribbon and was worn centered on a uniform breast pocket. The Iron Cross was awarded for bravery in battle as well as other military contributions in a battlefield environment. The colour may vary from monitor to monitor find out more.

Luftwaffe Cockade cap badge find out more. We offer complete Military uniform package deals which include headgear, tunic, breeches, boots, medals and insignia. Current tailoring times are 4 to 6 weeks We also offer off the peg uniforms. Section dealing with WW2 Italian army uniforms Italian uniforms general information Prior to the invasion of Sicily by alleid troopes insartoral elegance was low on the list of priorities for the Italian army.

Having lost most of their modern equipment in the North African and Russian campaigns, the Italians were poorly armed, demoralised and wearing an assortment of uniforms, these included - The M40 tropical - Very similar to the German Africa Korps M40 - tan in colour with two pleated breast pockets and two lower skirt pockets.

Collar can be buttoned up to the throat but was often left open to expose a shirt, this tunic is often refered to as a Sahariana. The trousers were hip flared breeches which tapered and tucked into boots. The uniform was completed by a tan bustina cap.The Italian Royal Army was reformed in and lasted until It ended with the dissolution of the monarchy.

However, in reality, most of the King's military responsibilities were assumed by the Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini. The Supreme Command featured an organic staff which functioned through its defense ministries and through its various high commands.

The defense ministries were based on function and included a Ministry of War, a Ministry of the Admiralty, and a Ministry of the Air. Below the Army Group were armies. Armies were typically composed of two or more corps, along with separate units directly commanded at the army level. The corps were then typically composed of two or more divisions, along with separate units directly commanded at the corps level.

The division was the basic formation of the Italian Royal Army. On 10 Junethe army had 59 infantry divisions, three National Security Volunteer Militia Milizia Volontaria per la Sicurezza Nazionaleor MVSN divisions, five high mountain alpini divisions, three mobile celere divisions, two motorized divisions, and three armored divisions.

In addition, there were estimated to be the equivalent of about nine divisions of frontier guard troops. Impressive on paper, most Italian divisions did not have the full complement of men or materials when war was declared in The armored divisions had lightly armed " tankettes " instead of tanks. After a reorganization inItalian infantry division was known as "binary" division divisione binaria.

This is because Italian infantry divisions were based on two regiments instead of the three that prevailed prior to the reorganization. By comparison, German divisions had three infantry regiments.

italian army ww2 uniforms

In addition to the two infantry regiments, the Italian infantry division included an artillery regiment, a mortar battalion, an engineer battalion, and a pack gun company. The division also had some division-level services and could have a division-level reserve infantry battalion. The typical infantry regiment was composed of three rifle battalions. However, some regiments had as many as five battalions.

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The divisional artillery regiment typically had 36 field pieces by design. This was to increase the manpower available to each division and also to include Fascist troops. The personnel for the mountain Alpini divisions was drawn from Italy's mountainous Alpine region and tended to be of superior quality. In addition to being well trained for mountain warfare, they were expert in the handling of pack artillery.

The mountain divisions differed from a standard infantry division in that each regiment had its own artillery, engineering, and ancillary services associated with the regiment on a permanent basis.

This made each regiment of a mountain division relatively self-supporting and capable of independent action. By design, a mountain division consisted of a divisional headquarters, two mountain infantry regiments, an artillery regiment, a mixed engineer battalion, a chemical warfare company, two reserve mountain infantry battalions, and divisional services.

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The divisional headquarters included an anti-tank platoon. Each mountain infantry regiment included its own headquarters company, with a platoon of flamethrowers.

Each regiment also included three mountain infantry battalions and regimental services. The artillery regiment was split between the two infantry regiments. All were transported on pack animals. At the beginning of the war, the armoured divisions were filled with L3 tankettes and, as a result, were incapable of providing the armoured spearhead that the German tank panzer formations could.

Initially, a total of about "medium" M11 tanks were available. But, while these vehicles were an improvement over the L3s, they were still more like "light" tanks.

italian army ww2 uniforms

In addition, they were poorly designed main armament in a "fixed" positionfar too few, too under-gunned, too thinly armoured, too slow, and too unreliable to make a difference. By design, an armoured division included one tank regiment, one artillery regiment, one highly-mobile infantry Bersaglieri regiment, a divisional support and a mixed engineer company. The tank regiment could have between three and five tank battalions.The style of these historical uniforms can be traced back to the Royal Sardinian Army in the midth Century, which was the predecessor of the current Italian Armed Forces.

Royal Italian Army during World War II

The uniforms of the Italian Armed Forces, at first, had symbolic meanings and, later on, became more function and grades based. The Spedizione dei Mille was an event during the war for Risorgimento Italian Unificationwhere Giuseppe Garibaldi's thousand volunteer troops helped him liberate the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.

All of the troops wore red shirts, following the example of Garibaldi's Italian Legion that had fought in the Guerra Grande in South America. This earned the volunteer troops the nickname, the Camicie rosse. The design of the uniforms is based on the rank of the personnel officersmarshalstroops and cadets. The uniforms are also made of different textile materials.

There is also an operational uniform that the Navy uses. The standard uniform used by regular troops is the same for male and female personnel, with the exception of the jacket in the winter version six-buttons for male and a three-buttons for female personneland it presents two seasonal variations for summer and winter.

The winter uniform is fully colored in a dark-blue, with the same color for its accessories, such as the hat's brim the hat itself is white on top, with the MM symbol sewn on itthe gloves, shoes and tie. A white shirt is worn underneath. The female personnel are also allowed to carry a bag and substitute the classic cut trousers with a skirt. The summer uniform is composed of a short-sleeved white shirt, worn with another white T-shirt underneath, both of which are tucked into the classical-cut white trousers and tightened by a belt with a golden colored buckle.

The shoes are white, as well as the hat whose brim remains black like the winter version. As for the winter version, female personnel can carry a white bag. The Ceremonial Uniform has two seasonal variations for summer and winter.

There are some common features such as the hat, which remains white on top with a black brim and the Italian Navy symbol sewn on the front; the light blue band passing from the right shoulder and tied to the opposite hip; the black shoes and a swordthe hilt of which is coloured in gold.

The different variations are mainly based on the choice of the color and in the weight of the material used. The summer version is lighter and almost entirely white colored, with black and golden shoulder pads. The winter version comes with a six-button black jacket, classical cut black trousers and a white shirt worn underneath. A black tie completes the uniform. The GOI have different uniforms, including a scuba diving one.

After being transported in a submarine, they use diving in order to stealthily reach places while remaining undercover. Another characteristic of this uniform is the harness used for steep access and egress points above water.

The Operational Divers Group Italian : Gruppo Operativo Subacqueiabbreviated as GOS is a special unit that is deployed for conducting any interventions in depths of the sea that reach more than meters underwater.


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